From Bob Dylan to Beatniks, Hippies to Hipsters
For over half a century, the East Village has been a cultural enclave for musicians, artists, writers, actors, and political leaders who have helped shape the direction of pop art and the modern political structure of today's America. The once bohemian and avant-garde ground zero of New York City is now one of the few bases for edgy music lovers and urban trendsetters. It was in the 60s that East Village saw a huge influx of artistic forces from the tenants who moved down there for its cheap rents. Facing rapid transformation, the neighborhood now stands at a crossroad, trying hard to keep its unique cultural identity in the midst of a rental surge.
Millionaires like the Astors and Vanderbilts once had their homes in the East Village, but following the immigration wave in the 1900s, Irish, German, Jewish, Polish, and Ukrainian immigrants flooded into the same neighborhood. Second Avenue in this area was called "the Yiddish Rialto" in early 20th century. At one time there were even eight theaters in the area presenting Yiddish-language productions of musicals, revues, and heart-wrenching melodramas.
虽然曾有百万富翁，如阿斯特家族和范德比尔特家族，在东村安家落户，但随着20世纪前10年出现的移民潮，爱尔兰移民、德国移民、犹太移民、波兰移民和乌克兰移民全都涌入到了这一街区。位于此区的第二大道在20世纪初的时候被叫做是“意第绪的亚里托”。在那里，甚至曾一度出现过8家剧院，上演着意第绪语的音乐剧、时俗讽刺剧、纠人心扉的情节剧等作品。1 2 3 4