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[双语] 穿鞋要美更要健康

2010-03-22 19:17:23  来源:国际在线综合  编辑:陆熙尧   
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  Dr. Timothy: Lemme jump in right at that point because we know that both adults and kids especially tend to wear these kinds of shoes, Crocs, flip flops,Uggs, whatever. Uh…are these automatically bad for you?

  蒂摩西医生:我们就来谈谈这一点,因为我们知道成人和孩子都特别喜欢穿这种鞋子,卡骆驰鞋、人字拖、乌戈牌拖鞋,诸如此类。呃……这些鞋肯定会对脚部有损害吗?

  Dr. Paul: Uh…yes, these are automatically bad for you. They’re bad for you because they have soft soles6 that’ll usually bend in the center of the sole and not underneath the ball of the foot where your toes bend. So if you look at the human foot, it’ll bend where the toes are and that’s where the sole of the shoe should bend.But Uggs, Crocs, flip flops will bend right in the center, right in the arch, and it’ll put stress and strain on the plantar fascia. Typically what happens is, people will use these shoes, they’ll develop pain in their foot, and then ladies more so than men will say “Oh, ya know, I need to stay in a flat shoe because I’m having foot pain.” It’s a myth that heels are bad for your feet, and then it’ll just aggravate the symptoms.

  保罗医生:呃……是的,这些鞋子的确会损害你的脚。因为这些鞋子的鞋底很软,通常在鞋底的中间弯曲,而不是在脚趾弯曲的地方——即跖球下方——弯曲,所以对你的脚部有损害。如果你观察人们的脚,就会发现脚是在脚趾的地方弯曲,所以那里才应该是鞋底弯曲的地方。但乌戈牌拖鞋、卡骆驰鞋人字拖却是在鞋底正中间,即足弓处弯曲,这导致跖腱膜承受压力和张力。这种情况经常发生:人们穿这些鞋,造成脚部疼痛,而症状比男性更严重的女士们便会说,“哦,你知道,我得穿平底鞋,因为我的脚痛。”其实鞋跟不会直接危害脚部健康,它只是会加重这种症状。

  Dr. Timothy: I think of pregnant women, I suppose that they’re at special risk for foot problems.

  蒂摩西医生:我想到了孕妇,我觉得她们特别容易出现脚部问题。

  Dr. Paul: Yes, pregnant women are at risk for foot problems. One,they’re increasing their weight.Two, their feet have a tendency to swell, as the fetus will put compression on certain structures that’ll cause swelling in the feet.And lastly, they secrete a hormone called relaxin. Relaxin helps the pelvis  spread so the baby can exit the body, but it also affects the ligaments in the feet, causing a stretching of those ligaments.

  保罗医生:没错,孕妇会有脚部问题。首先,她们的体重增加了。其次,她们的脚很容易肿胀,因为胎儿会对某些身体组织施加压力,使得脚部肿胀(胎儿重量的压迫会使淋巴液即血液回流不佳,导致下肢肿胀——编者注)。最后,她们分泌一种叫做松弛素的荷尔蒙。松弛素有助于骨盆打开,让胎儿从母体中出来,但松弛素也会影响脚部韧带,使脚部韧带松弛。

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