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[双语] 朱镕基:拯救人民币

2010-03-24 10:56:33  来源:国际在线综合  编辑:陆熙尧   

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  When Hong Kong’s Financial Secretary decided to adopt the currency board system and peg the Hong Kong dollar to the US dollar in 1983, I was involved in the discussions. Charles Goodhart argued that the Hong Kong dollar must be anchored, and Friedman supported the currency board. What about the RMB? In the late 1980s it was showing signs of difficulties, and by early 1990s its exchange value began to collapse. I consulted Milton on a number of occasions, and he was extremely generous with his time whenever issues involving China cropped up.

  一九八三年香港的财政司考虑港元采用钞票局的制度,让港元与美元挂钩,我参与了讨论。英国的Charles Goodhart建议港元要下一个锚,而弗里德曼支持采用钞票局。人民币怎么办呢?八十年代后期出现不少困难,九十年代初期开始崩溃。我求教过米尔顿好几次,遇上任何关于中国的事,他的时间是非常慷慨的。

  Milton’s view was that a country the size of China could not use the currency board. He said that my suggestion of anchoring the RMB to a basket of commodities would work in principle, but the cost would be high. His choice was that China go to fiat money, control the money supply tightly, and let the exchange rate float.

  米尔顿之见,是像中国那样庞大的国家,不能采用钞票局制度。他认为我提出的把人民币与一篮子物品挂钩原则上可行,但费用会是高的。他的选择,是中国采用美国的无锚货币制,严谨地控制货币量,让汇率自由浮动。

(文字内容由中信出版社独家提供,未经允许,请勿转载)

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