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[双语] 亚洲金融风暴:伤痛后的反省

2010-03-24 11:06:40  来源:国际在线综合  编辑:陆熙尧   

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  It was the flexibility of market contracts that helped to save China from recession in the latter part of the 1990s. Deflation exceeded 3% even ignoring sharp improvements in product quality, and property prices dropped two-thirds or more. However, unemployment stayed around 4%, and the growth rate around 8%. Bonus contracts and piece-rate contracts, overwhelmingly used in industries, provided automatic downward adjustments in real wages. 44 Furthermore, to protect his eight-percent goal, Zhu freed the market completely, pushed hard for the privatization of state enterprises, lifted restrictions to allow workers to freely ‘float’ around the country, and speeded up the dissemination of economic decisions. Zhu might have started out as a market skeptic, but he must have turned believer before stepping down.

  是市场合约的自由与弹性协助中国在九十年代幸免于经济衰退的蹂躏。就是不算当时产品质量的急升,通缩率逾百分之三,而房地产的价格下降了三分之二以上。然而,失业率徘徊于百分之四,增长率约百分之八。分红合约与件工合约当时盛行,协助了真实工资的自动向下调整。再者,为了确保他要达到的百分之八的增长率,朱镕基把市场全部放开,大力推行国企的私有化,拿开约束劳动人口流动的限制,也加速了经济决策的向下分散。上马时朱可能是个市场怀疑者,下马之际他必定转为信奉市场了。

(文字内容由中信出版社独家提供,未经允许,请勿转载) 

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