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[双语] 中国八大菜系英文介绍

2010-04-12 16:28:30  来源:国际在线论坛  编辑:陆熙尧   

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  Guangdong Cuisine

  广东菜系

  Cantonese food originates from Guangdong, the southernmost province in China. The majority of overseas Chinese people are from Guangdong (Canton) so Cantonese is perhaps the most widely available Chinese regional cuisine outside of China.

  广东菜源自于中国最南部的省份广东省。大多数华侨来自广东,因此广东菜也许是国外最广泛的中国地方菜系。

  Cantonese are known to have an adventurous palate, able to eat many different kinds of meats and vegetables. In fact, people in Northern China often say that Cantonese people will eat anything that flies except airplanes, anything that moves on the ground except trains, and anything that moves in the water except boats. This statement is far from the truth, but Cantonese food is easily one of the most diverse and richest cuisines in China. Many vegetables originate from other parts of the world. It doesn't use much spice, bringing out the natural flavor of the vegetables and meats.

  广东人热衷于尝试用各种不同的肉类和蔬菜。事实上,中国北方人常说,广东人吃天上飞的,除了飞机;地上爬的,除了火车;水里游的,除了船儿。这一陈述很不属实,但是广东菜是各类丰富的中国菜系之一。使用很多来自世界其他地方的蔬菜,不大使用辣椒,而是带出蔬菜和肉类自身的风味。

  Tasting clear, light, crisp and fresh, Guangdong cuisine, familiar to Westerners, usually chooses raptors and beasts to produce originative dishes. Its basic cooking techniques include roasting, stir-frying, sauteing, deep-frying, braising, stewing and steaming. Among them steaming and stir-frying are more commonly applied to preserve the natural flavor. Guangdong chefs also pay much attention to the artistic presentation of dishes.

  广东菜系,味道清,淡,脆,鲜,为西方人所熟知,常用猛禽走兽来烹饪出有创意的菜肴。它的基础烹饪方法包括烤,炒,煸,深炸,烤,炖和蒸。其中蒸和炒最常用于保存天然风味。广东厨师也注重于菜肴的艺术感。

  Fujian Cuisine

  福建菜系

  Consisting of Fuzhou Cuisine, Quanzhou Cuisine and Xiamen Cuisine, Fujian Cuisine is distinguished for its choice seafood, beautiful color and magic taste of sweet, sour, salty and savory. The most distinct features are their "pickled taste".

  福建菜系由福州菜,泉州菜,厦门菜组成,以其精选的海鲜,漂亮的色泽,甜,酸,咸和香的味道而出名。最特别的是它的“卤味”。

  Jiangsu Cuisine

  江苏菜系

  Jiangsu Cuisine, also called Huaiyang Cuisine, is popular in the lower reach of the Yangtze River. Aquatics as the main ingredients, it stresses the freshness of materials. Its carving techniques are delicate, of which the melon carving technique is especially well known. Cooking techniques consist of stewing, braising, roasting, simmering, etc. The flavor of Huaiyang Cuisine is light, fresh and sweet and with delicate elegance. Jiangsu cuisine is well known for its careful selection of ingredients, its meticulous preparation methodology, and its not-too-spicy, not-too-bland taste. Since the seasons vary in climate considerably in Jiangsu, the cuisine also varies throughout the year. If the flavor is strong, it isn't too heavy; if light, not too bland.

  江苏菜,又叫淮阳菜,流行于在淮阳湖下流。以水产作为主要原料,注重原料的鲜味。其雕刻技术十分珍贵,其中瓜雕尤其著名。烹饪技术包括炖,烤,焙,煨等。淮阳菜的特色是淡,鲜,甜,雅。江苏菜系以其精选的原料,精细的准备,不辣不温的口感而出名。因为江苏气候变化很大,江苏菜系在一年之中也有变化。味道强而不重,淡而不温。

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