用户名:
 密 码:
 
[好文共享]
忙碌的一天
[英语新闻周报]
玫瑰花的背后
[英乐时空]
Almost Over You
[纵横字谜]
情人节
[空中英语] 空中英语教室
[英语角] 第六期
[CRI英语] 英乐时空
[CRI英语] 英语新闻周报
  • [双语新闻]美国迪斯尼乐园飞船游戏夺走两条性命(图)
      Brain Bleed Killed Woman After Disney Ride
  • [双语新闻]不爱“言情”爱“恐怖” 英女读者口味大变化
      Women Put away Their Hankies and Turn to Crime
  • [双语新闻]美国:海狸遇车祸损失门牙 兽医开出特殊食谱
      Beaver Goes to College to Get New Teeth
  • [双语新闻]老年人多喝水对身体没有负面影响
     Drinking more water does no harm in elderly men
  • 编辑:  朱晓玲   稿源: 国际在线    2005-03-02 09:12:08
    作文写作之对立法一

      文章开头句型:I 对立法 II 现象法 III 观点法 IV 引用法 V 比较法 VI 故事法 VII 问题法

      对立法

      文章开头首先引出人们对要讨论的问题的不同看法,然后提出作者自己的不同看法,或偏向的那个看法。对立法的句型多用于有争议性的主题。

      1 When asked about..., the vast / overwhelming majority of most / many / quite a few people say/ think /believe/ answer  that.... But other people regard / view / see / think of.. . as....I think /view quite / a bit differently...

      1.1 When asked about the biggest problem today, many people say that itis the serious energy crisis. They are afraid that the world will soon runout of oil and run short of food. But other people hold optimistic views:they regard it as a natural result of the economic development and believeit will be only solved with further advances in economy and technology.

      当问起世界上现在最大的问题是什么,许多人说是严重的能源危机。他们担心人类不久会用完石油、发生食品短缺!但有些人则持乐观的看法。他们把能源危机看成是经济发展的自然结果,而且只有随着经济和技术的进一步发展才能得以解决。

      1.2 When asked what kind of career they will pursue upon graduation, mistcollege students say that they would choose a job which will bring them lotof money and a conformable life. Working in a big bank or company is whatthey desire. But I think quite differently. I would prefer a career whichwill help realize my potentials.

      当问起毕业后干什么,大多数大学生说,他们会找一个能给他们带来许多钱和舒适生活的工作。在一家大银行或大的公司里工作是他们所向往的。但是我的想法大不相同。我要选择一个能够发挥我的才能的职业。

      2 When It comes to..., some people think/ believe that.... Others argue/ claim that the opposite reverse is true. There is probably some truth in both arguments /statements , but....

      2.1 When it comes to international sport such as the Olympic Games andthe World Cup soccer game, some people believe that it creates good will between the nations and that if countries play games together they will learn to live together. Others say that the opposite is true: that international contests encourage false national pride and lead in misunderstanding and hatred. There is probably a little bit of truth in both arguments, but in recent years the Olympic Games have done little to support the view that sports encourage international brotherhood.

      当说到国际体育比赛,诸如奥林匹克运动会和世界杯足球赛,有些人认为它能增进国与国之间的友善。如果许多国家在一起比赛交流,他们就会知道怎么一起生活。但另一些人则持相反的观点。他们认为国际体育竞赛只会造成虚假的民族自豪感,导致相互间的误解和仇恨。这两种观点可能都有点道理,但是从最近几年的奥林匹克运动会来看,很少能证明体育运动可以增进国与国之间的友好感情。

      2.2 In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past. Yet when it comes tothe desirability of extending the life of the terminally ill, some people,including some doctors, say that the quality of life is as important as lifei tself, and that people should in be forced to go on living when the conditions of life have become unbearable. They argue that people should be allowed to die with dignity and decide when they want to die. However those who are in favor of life-extending measures argue that life under any circumstances is better than death and that the duty of doctors is always to extend life as long as possible. There is probably some truth on both sides,but recently the public clamor for the legalization of voluntary euthanasia seem increasingly strong.

      在最近几十年,医学技术的进步使得人类有可能比过去活得长了。但是当论及延长一个无可挽救、濒临死亡的人的生命是否必要时,有些人,包括有些医生认为生命的质量和生命本身同样重要;当病情已变得不堪忍受了,就不应迫使这些人再活下去。他们坚持说应允许一个人尊严地死去,允许他们决定什么时候死。但是赞成采取延长生命的方法的人认为在任何情况下生总比死好;一个医生的责任就是尽可能延长一个人的生命。或许双方都有点道理,但是最近公众要求对自愿安乐死合法化的呼声似乎越来越高。

      3 There is a public /general /much debated controversy today /nowadays on /about /over /as to the problem /issue of.... Those who criticize /oppose /object to ... contend /argue ... that.... They believe that .... But people who advocate /favor ..., on the other hand, maintain /assert that....

      3.1 There is much discussion today about whether fast economic growth is desirable. Those who criticize economic growth argue that we must slow down.They believe that society is approaching certain limits on growth. These include the fixed supply of natural resources, and the possible negative effects of industry on the natural environment. People who want more economic growth, on the other hand, argue that even at the present growth rate, there are still many poor people, They maintain that only continued growth can create the capital needed to improve the quality of life and provide the financial resources required to protect our natural surroundings from industrialization.

      现在围绕快速的经济发展是否应该正展开一场热烈的讨论。那些持反对意见者认为我们必须放慢发展速度。他们说发展已接近某种极限!这其中包括有限的自然资源供应和工业对环境造成的消极影响。然而要求更快发展的人则认为,即使按目前的发展速度还是有许多穷人。他们认为经济的持续快速发展才能创造提高生活质量所必需的资本,才能提供用来保护环境不受工业化破坏的资金。

      3.2 There is a general debate on the campus today over the phenomenon of college students' doing a part-time job. Those who object to it argue that students should not spend their precious time in this way. But people who advocate it, on the other hand, claim that, by taking a major-related part-time job or summer job, students can not only improve their academic studies, but gain much experience, experience they will never be able to get from the textbooks.

      关于大学生打工这一现象,校园里正展开一场讨论。反对大学生打工的人指出大学生不应该把宝贵的时间花在这上面。然而赞成者则认为,通过从事一些与专业有关的工作,可以提高学生的学习,还可获得到书本上得不到的许多经验。

      4 Now, It is commonly/ generally /widely believed /thought /held /accepted /felt /knowledged that.... They claim/ believe/ argue that .... But I wonder/ doubt/ whether ...

      4.1 It is commonly believed that the rise in teenage smoking is the inevitable result of economic development. They argue that if there are nocigarette advertisement on TV, no cigarettes available everywhere, and no adequate pocket money, teenagers are unlikely to take up the habit of smoking. But I doubt that it is a satisfactory explanation. While conceding the effect of advertising and other commercial factors, I think that the primary cause is social and individual rather than economic.

      人们普遍认为青少年吸烟人数上升是经济发展不可避免的结果。他们认为:如果电视上没有香烟广告,香烟不是到处可买得到,孩子的零用钱不是很多的话,青少年不太可能染上吸烟的习惯。但我怀疑这是否是一个满意的解释。虽然有广告和其它商业因素的影响,我认为主要原因是社会和个人因素而不是经济上的。

      4.2 It is widely felt that there is a fear plainly uppermost in the minds of most people today. They are afraid of the future, and if you ask them why, they conveniently blame the atomic bomb. But I suspect that the nuclearweapon is only the scapegoat for our fears. We are not afraid of the future because of a bomb. We are afraid of bombs because we have no faith in the future. I believe people no longer have faith in our ability to control ourown future.

      人们普遍感到现在大多数人明显地有一种恐惧感。他们怕将来。如果问他们为什么怕,他们会很随意地怪原子弹。但我怀疑,核武器不过是我们害怕的替罪羊。我们怕将来不是因为有了原子弹,说我们怕原子禅,实际上是对未来没有信心。我认为人们对自己是否有能力控制将来已丧失信心了。

    来源:万千英语族

    今日精品推荐


    两只猪猪的刻骨爱情

    双语"史努比/Snoopy"(1)

    双语"加菲猫/Garfield"(1)
    CRIonline实用英语课堂——家庭(上)

    电影漫话-虎兄虎弟/Two Brothers

    英乐时空 Music English Studio—— I Wanna Be With You

    英语新闻周报/English News Weekly(2005-02-25)

    返回MY ENGLISH首页    更多精彩图片    进入英语教学论坛




    【 编辑信箱 】 【 推荐 】 【 打印文章 】 【 关闭窗口
    相 关 文 章
    写作
    v 履历表及求职信的撰写二 2005-03-01 09:12:00
    v 履历表及求职信的撰写一 2005-02-28 09:06:55
    发 表 评 论

    地址:北京市石景山路甲16号 邮政编码:100040
    中国互联网举报中心中国互联网举报中心 违法和不良信息举报电话:010-68891032 新闻从业人员职业道德监督电话:010-68892232 68892233 监督邮件:jchsh@cri.com.cn
    中国互联网视听节目服务自律公约 网络传播视听节目许可证 0102006 京ICP证120531号 京ICP备05064898号 京公网安备11010702000014
    网站运营:国广国际在线网络(北京)有限公司
    中国国际广播电台国际在线版权所有©1997-2017 未经书面授权禁止复制或建立镜像