文章开头句型：I 对立法 II 现象法 III 观点法 IV 引用法 V 比较法 VI 故事法 VII 问题法
1 When asked about..., the vast / overwhelming majority of most / many / quite a few people say/ think /believe/ answer that.... But other people regard / view / see / think of.. . as....I think /view quite / a bit differently...
1.1 When asked about the biggest problem today, many people say that itis the serious energy crisis. They are afraid that the world will soon runout of oil and run short of food. But other people hold optimistic views:they regard it as a natural result of the economic development and believeit will be only solved with further advances in economy and technology.
1.2 When asked what kind of career they will pursue upon graduation, mistcollege students say that they would choose a job which will bring them lotof money and a conformable life. Working in a big bank or company is whatthey desire. But I think quite differently. I would prefer a career whichwill help realize my potentials.
2 When It comes to..., some people think/ believe that.... Others argue/ claim that the opposite reverse is true. There is probably some truth in both arguments /statements , but....
2.1 When it comes to international sport such as the Olympic Games andthe World Cup soccer game, some people believe that it creates good will between the nations and that if countries play games together they will learn to live together. Others say that the opposite is true: that international contests encourage false national pride and lead in misunderstanding and hatred. There is probably a little bit of truth in both arguments, but in recent years the Olympic Games have done little to support the view that sports encourage international brotherhood.
2.2 In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past. Yet when it comes tothe desirability of extending the life of the terminally ill, some people,including some doctors, say that the quality of life is as important as lifei tself, and that people should in be forced to go on living when the conditions of life have become unbearable. They argue that people should be allowed to die with dignity and decide when they want to die. However those who are in favor of life-extending measures argue that life under any circumstances is better than death and that the duty of doctors is always to extend life as long as possible. There is probably some truth on both sides,but recently the public clamor for the legalization of voluntary euthanasia seem increasingly strong.
3 There is a public /general /much debated controversy today /nowadays on /about /over /as to the problem /issue of.... Those who criticize /oppose /object to ... contend /argue ... that.... They believe that .... But people who advocate /favor ..., on the other hand, maintain /assert that....
3.1 There is much discussion today about whether fast economic growth is desirable. Those who criticize economic growth argue that we must slow down.They believe that society is approaching certain limits on growth. These include the fixed supply of natural resources, and the possible negative effects of industry on the natural environment. People who want more economic growth, on the other hand, argue that even at the present growth rate, there are still many poor people, They maintain that only continued growth can create the capital needed to improve the quality of life and provide the financial resources required to protect our natural surroundings from industrialization.
3.2 There is a general debate on the campus today over the phenomenon of college students' doing a part-time job. Those who object to it argue that students should not spend their precious time in this way. But people who advocate it, on the other hand, claim that, by taking a major-related part-time job or summer job, students can not only improve their academic studies, but gain much experience, experience they will never be able to get from the textbooks.
4 Now, It is commonly/ generally /widely believed /thought /held /accepted /felt /knowledged that.... They claim/ believe/ argue that .... But I wonder/ doubt/ whether ...
4.1 It is commonly believed that the rise in teenage smoking is the inevitable result of economic development. They argue that if there are nocigarette advertisement on TV, no cigarettes available everywhere, and no adequate pocket money, teenagers are unlikely to take up the habit of smoking. But I doubt that it is a satisfactory explanation. While conceding the effect of advertising and other commercial factors, I think that the primary cause is social and individual rather than economic.
4.2 It is widely felt that there is a fear plainly uppermost in the minds of most people today. They are afraid of the future, and if you ask them why, they conveniently blame the atomic bomb. But I suspect that the nuclearweapon is only the scapegoat for our fears. We are not afraid of the future because of a bomb. We are afraid of bombs because we have no faith in the future. I believe people no longer have faith in our ability to control ourown future.