文章开头句型：I 对立法 II 现象法 III 观点法 IV 引用法 V 比较法 VI 故事法 VII 问题法
17 Inflation /Corruption /Social inequality is yet another of / the new and bitter truths we have to learn to face now.
17.1 Cheating is yet another of the bitter truths we have to learn to face now. It is so prevalent and so widely accepted that it becomes a way of academic life. Even the mast gifted students, the one who presumably could get good grades without cheating, are becoming the constant offenders. Getting a good academic record and later a good professional career is the most important goal and they will do anything they must to attain it.
18 A(n) virtual epidemic /acute shortage /serious campaign of... is now under way in this country /society. According to a recent / new study / poll / survey , ...
18.1 A virtual epidemic of pregnancies is under way in this nation's teenage population. In 1993 alone 26270 babies were born to unwed teens. Predictably, educators, parent groups and newspaper writers have responded to this news with a clamor for more and better sex education. Indeed, that is urgently necessary, but is sex education alone the whole answer?
19 Here and there / In city after city / At offices and plants across the country /land , a(n) growing increasing / surprising / significant number of....
19.1 At offices and plants across the country, a growing number of workers are jogging along the streets, playing tag-of-war, and doing calisthenics on the pavements ------ all with the support and encouragement of their employers. The company-sponsored physical-fitness programs are benefiting both individuals and companies.
19.2 Here and there across the country are coming reports that government officials, even senior officials, have been punished for corruption. Some were sentenced for taking bribes, others executed for embezzling funds. In Beijing alone nearly 60000 civil servants were found guilty of corruption in 1993. Official corruption has increased greatly in the past five years in only in scope but in magnitude.
从各地传来报道，许多政府官员，甚至高级干部因腐败而受到惩罚。有的因受贿而被判刑，有的因侵吞公款而被判处死刑。仅北京在 1993年就有6万多官员因贪污、贿赂而被判罪。在过去5年里，政府官员的腐败在 范围和规模上都有很大的发展。
20 With the rapid / amazing / marked development /improvement /expansion of increase /growth /decline in .... / with the general / growing / common recognition / realization / acknowledge ment of commitment / devotion / dedication to interest in / concern over / enthusiasm for .... ,with ... playing an increasingly big role in attaching much importance to ..., more and more
20.1 With the prospect of coal and petroleum supplies being depleted and with air pollution becoming an increasing concern, more and more countries are now seeking alternative sources of energy. Among them is nuclear power whose environmental advantages over coal and oil is increasingly recognized.
20.2 With a domestic market of 12 billion increasingly prosperous consumers and an economy that grows by an impressive 12--14 percent each year, China is now becoming a huge magnet for more and more foreign business corporations.
21 Nowadays /Currently /Recently there is a growing / unhealthy tendency to / in / that general / deep-seated belief in / that general / uneasy feeling of / against / that growing / nation-wide recognition of / that growing / general awareness of / that deep / serious concern over / for / that deep / keen interest in growing / great demand for growing / great enthusiasm for / among sb ...
21.1 Now there is a growing concern over the heavy burden, both academic and psychological, our children have to bear. After a day's study in school, they bring a lot of assignments back home and work them until midnight. They play few games and go to few movies. They have been so obsessed with grades and marks that they have hardly had time to savor the life and grow as well-rounded people.
21.2 Nowadays there is an immense and justified pride in what our colleges and universities have done. At the same time, however, there is a growing uneasiness about their products. These young men and women who carry away our degrees are attractive, energetic and eloquent. But what about their intellectual equipment?
21.3 In the past decades there has been a persistent demand in many countries for a conceited attack to deal with worldwide pollution. In many places, under pressure from private citizens and leaders in science and technology environmental organizations have sprung up to voice their opinions and to try and face the problem. It is increasingly recognized that pollution doesn't only pose a pervasive threat to the human environment, but also challenge the survival of man himself.
22 In recent few years /the past few decades , there is / has been a sharp/ marked / sudden / dramatic increase / growth/ rise / decline in astonishing / increasing / sizable number / percentage/ proportion / population of ...
According to a(n) recent /new /official study /recent /survey /report /poll , ...
22.1 In recent years, there is an increasing number of people, especially young people, who show little interest in correcting social inequalities and injustices. According to a national poll last year, eighteen to twenty-nine-year-olds agreed by large percentages that young people today are "less idealistic" and "more selfish", and that they are less concerned with the problems of society than with their own personal future.
22.2 In the past 5 years there has been a marked decline in the number of young married couples who want to have children, coupled with a growing trend toward delayed childbearing. According to official statistics, in 1993, about 28 percent of married couples with wives under 35 gave to birth to children, compared with the 1983 level of 8 percent.
23 Any visitor to this city / country ... would almost inevitably deduce / draw his conclusion be surprised / struck / impressed by the fact....
23.1 Any visitor to this city would be almost surprised by the severe shortages and shortcomings in the elementary municipal services despite its economic growth. Schools are old, hospitals are few and understaffed. Transportation is overcrowded, and streets are narrow and filthy. Parks and playgrounds are insufficient.
24 Whenever you see / find ... you cannot help being struck / surprised /astonished / disappointed / impressed by ... / at ...
24.1 Whenever we visit a terminally ill patient, we cannot help being struck by his eagerness to know the truth about his condition. He does not only suffer from his illness, but also from the anxiety about its potential outcome. Although telling him the truth may risk destroying his hope, so that he may deteriorate faster, perhaps even commit suicide, a dying person has the right to know his condition and to make informed choice concerning his own health.
24.2 Whenever we read suggestions of some recent scientific and econimic research that the curves for food demand and food supply will cross in a maximum of 60 years, and that by then, man's overpopulation, increasing pollution, and the diminishing food supply could threaten to end human life on our planet, we could not help wondering what steps man could take to ensure his survival and avoid such extinction.