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  • 编辑:  朱晓玲   稿源: 国际在线    2005-03-10 09:11:35
    作文写作之现象法二

      文章开头句型:I 对立法 II 现象法 III 观点法 IV 引用法 V 比较法 VI 故事法 VII 问题法

      现象法

      17  Inflation /Corruption /Social inequality is yet another of / the new and bitter truths we have to learn to face now.

      17.1 Cheating is yet another of the bitter truths we have to learn to face now. It is so prevalent and so widely accepted that it becomes a way of academic life. Even the mast gifted students, the one who presumably could get good grades without cheating, are becoming the constant offenders. Getting a good academic record and later a good professional career is the most important goal and they will do anything they must to attain it.

      考试作弊是我们不得不接受的又一严峻的事实。作弊是那么普遍和司空见惯,已成为大学生活中的一个方面。连最有天赋的学生,那些不靠作弊也能取得好成绩的学生也常常作弊。对他们来说,有一个学业优秀的记录和将来有一个令人羡慕的工作比什么都重要,为达到这一目标,他们什么都会干。

      18  A(n) virtual epidemic /acute shortage /serious campaign of... is now under way in this country /society. According to a recent / new study / poll / survey , ...

      18.1 A virtual epidemic of pregnancies is under way in this nation's teenage population. In 1993 alone 26270 babies were born to unwed teens. Predictably, educators, parent groups and newspaper writers have responded to this news with a clamor for more and better sex education. Indeed, that is urgently necessary, but is sex education alone the whole answer?

      未婚少女怀孕,这一现象就像传染病一样正在该国蔓延开来。就1993年便有26270个婴儿为未婚少女所生。可以预料教育工作者、家长团体和报纸记者对此大声疾呼要加强和完善任教育。是的,这是非常必要的,  但仅仅靠性教育能解决问题吗?

      19  Here and there / In city after city / At offices and plants across the country /land , a(n) growing increasing / surprising / significant number of....

      19.1 At offices and plants across the country, a growing number of workers are jogging along the streets, playing tag-of-war, and doing calisthenics on the pavements ------ all with the support and encouragement of their employers. The company-sponsored physical-fitness programs are benefiting both individuals and companies.

      从机关到工厂,越来越多的职工街上跑步,在人行道上拔河,做健身操。这些活动都受到他们的领导的支持和鼓励。由工厂公司支持资助的健身活动不仅给职工个人,而且对厂方都带来益处。

      19.2 Here and there across the country are coming reports that government officials, even senior officials, have been punished for corruption. Some were sentenced for taking bribes, others executed for embezzling funds. In Beijing alone nearly 60000 civil servants were found guilty of corruption in 1993. Official corruption has increased greatly in the past five years in  only in scope but in magnitude.

      从各地传来报道,许多政府官员,甚至高级干部因腐败而受到惩罚。有的因受贿而被判刑,有的因侵吞公款而被判处死刑。仅北京在 1993年就有6万多官员因贪污、贿赂而被判罪。在过去5年里,政府官员的腐败在  范围和规模上都有很大的发展。

      20 With the rapid / amazing / marked development /improvement /expansion of  increase /growth /decline in  .... / with the general / growing / common recognition / realization / acknowledge ment of commitment / devotion / dedication to interest in / concern over / enthusiasm for  .... ,with ... playing an increasingly big role in attaching much importance to ..., more and more

      20.1 With the prospect of coal and petroleum supplies being depleted and with air pollution becoming an increasing concern, more and more countries are now seeking alternative sources of energy. Among them is nuclear power whose environmental advantages over coal and oil is increasingly recognized.

      随着煤和石油的供应逐渐耗尽,随着人们越来越关注环境的污染,越来越多的国家正在寻找其它能源。而其中之一就是核能。与煤和石油相比,其不污染环境的优点正逐渐被人们认识。

      20.2 With a domestic market of 12 billion increasingly prosperous consumers and an economy that grows by an impressive 12--14 percent each year, China is now becoming a huge magnet for more and more foreign business corporations.

      随着一个有着12亿逐渐富裕起来的消费者的国内市场的形成和以每年12%到14%的速度增长的经济的出现,中国正变成一个巨大的磁场,吸引着越来越多的外国公司。

      21  Nowadays /Currently /Recently there is a growing / unhealthy tendency to / in / that general / deep-seated belief in / that general / uneasy feeling of / against / that growing / nation-wide recognition of / that growing / general awareness of / that   deep / serious concern over / for / that deep / keen interest in growing / great demand for growing / great enthusiasm for / among sb ...

      21.1 Now there is a growing concern over the heavy burden, both academic and psychological, our children have to bear. After a day's study in school, they bring a lot of assignments back home and work them until midnight. They play few games and go to few movies. They have been so obsessed with grades and marks that they have hardly had time to savor the life and grow as well-rounded people.

      如今人们越来越关注我们的孩子所承受的沉重的学习负担和精神压力。在校学习一天后,他们带回许多作业,常常做到深夜。他们很少玩或去看电影。他们为分数所累,几乎没有时间品尝人生,并成长为一个全面发展的人。

      21.2 Nowadays there is an immense and justified pride in what our colleges and universities have done. At the same time, however, there is a growing uneasiness about their products. These young men and women who carry away our degrees are attractive, energetic and eloquent. But what about their intellectual equipment?

      现在人们对我们大学所做的一切非常自豪,这不是没有道理的。但是同时对它们的产品——大学毕业生又愈来愈感到不安。那些得到学位的青年人个个神气十足,精神饱满,能说会道。然而他们是否有真才实学呢?

      21.3 In the past decades there has been a persistent demand in many countries for a conceited attack to deal with worldwide pollution. In many places, under pressure from private citizens and leaders in science and technology environmental organizations have sprung up to voice their opinions and to try and face the problem. It is increasingly recognized that pollution doesn't only pose a pervasive threat to the human environment, but also challenge the survival of man himself.

      在过去的几十年里,许多国家都坚持不懈,要求共同努力来对付全球范围的污染。在很多地方,鉴于平民百姓和科技界头面人物的压力,保护环境的组织纷纷出现。他们一面提出各种建议,一面试图着导解决这个问题。人们越来越认识到污染不仅威胁到人类环境,且危及人类自身的生存。

      22 In recent few years /the past few decades , there is / has been a  sharp/ marked / sudden / dramatic increase / growth/ rise / decline in astonishing / increasing / sizable number / percentage/ proportion / population of ... 

       According to a(n) recent /new /official study /recent /survey /report /poll , ...

      22.1 In recent years, there is an increasing number of people, especially young people, who show little interest in correcting social inequalities and injustices. According to a national poll last year, eighteen to twenty-nine-year-olds agreed by large percentages that young people today are "less idealistic" and "more selfish", and that they are less concerned with the problems of society than with their own personal future.

      最近几年,越来越多的人,尤其是青年人,对纠正社会的不良倾向和不平等现象很少关心了。根据去年一次全国性的民意测验,大多数18到29岁的青年人承认他们“不那么有理想”“更加自私”,他们关心个人的将来胜过关心社会问题。

      22.2 In the past 5 years there has been a marked decline in the number of young married couples who want to have children, coupled with a growing trend toward delayed childbearing. According to official statistics, in 1993, about 28 percent of married couples with wives under 35 gave to birth to children, compared with the 1983 level of 8 percent.

      在过去5年里,结婚后希望要孩子的青年夫妇人数明显减少,同时出切一种推迟生育孩子的倾向。根据官方公布的数据,1993年有28%的已婚夫妇妻子在三十五岁以下而尚未生育,而在1983年,只有8%。

      23 Any visitor to this city / country ... would almost inevitably deduce / draw his conclusion be surprised / struck / impressed by the fact....

      23.1 Any visitor to this city would be almost surprised by the severe shortages and shortcomings in the elementary municipal services despite its economic growth. Schools are old, hospitals are few and understaffed. Transportation is overcrowded, and streets are narrow and filthy. Parks and playgrounds are insufficient.

      任何一个到过这个城市的人都会因这个城市的最基本设施的严重不足和不良而感到震惊。尽管这个城市的经济发展很快,学校却很陈旧;医院少且医务人员不足;交通拥挤,道路狭窄而肮脏;公园及游乐场所也少得可怜。

      24 Whenever you see / find ... you cannot help being struck / surprised /astonished  / disappointed / impressed by ... /  at ...

      24.1 Whenever we visit a terminally ill patient, we cannot help being struck by his eagerness to know the truth about his condition. He does not only suffer from his illness, but also from the anxiety about its potential outcome. Although telling him the truth may risk destroying his hope, so that he may deteriorate faster, perhaps even commit suicide, a dying person has the right to know his condition and to make informed choice concerning his own health.

      每当我们去探视一名患有不治之症的病人时,我们不禁为他那种急切想知道自己的真实病情的表情所震动。他不仅被疾病所折磨,也被为自己的病情可能发展的结果而焦虑所折磨。虽然若将真实病情告知他可能会使之失去希望从而加速病情恶化,甚至他可能自寻短见,但一个濒临死亡的病人有权知道自己的病情,有权对自己的健康状况作出明智的判断。

      24.2 Whenever we read suggestions of some recent scientific and econimic research that the curves for food demand and food supply will cross in a maximum of 60 years, and that by then, man's overpopulation, increasing pollution, and the diminishing food supply could threaten to end human life on our planet, we could not help wondering what steps man could take to ensure his survival and avoid such extinction.

      近来一些科学和经济的研究表明,粮食供求平衡至多能保持用年。到那时、人口过剩、污染加剧以及粮食供应减少将会威胁人类在地球上的生存。每当我们读到这些情况,我们不禁在想:人类应当采取什么措施来确保自己的生存,避免灭绝呢?

    来源:万千英语族

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