文章开头句型：I 对立法 II 现象法 III 观点法 IV 引用法 V 比较法 VI 故事法 VII 问题法
11 Recently the rise in/ phenomenon of / problem of /question of ... has
drawn / aroused public / popular / grave / world-wide attention
caused /aroused wide / general / considerable / international concern
arisen /loomed up /cropped up as controversial /as noteworthy/been distinctly for settlement
11.1 Recently, the alarm about the problem of the use of genetic technologies on human beings have caused wide public concern, and understandably so. With nuclear energy threatening global catastrophe and with so many other technological advances visibly damaging the quality of life, who would wish to have scientists tampering with man's inner nature? Indeed, fear of such manipulation may amuse even more anxiety than fear of death.
11.2 Recently psychologists have found only about two percent of adults use their creativity, compared with ten percent of seven-year-old children. When five-year-olds were tested, the result soared to ninety percent! The findings set off many people thinking. Curiosity and originality are daily occurrences for the small child, but somehow most of us lose the freedom and flexibility of the child as we grow older. The need to follow "directions" and "do-it-right", plus the many societal constraints we put on ourselves, prevent us from using our creative potential.
12 Recently the issue /problem /question of... has been in the limelight/ brought into focus/ brought to public attention / posed among the general public.
12.1 The problem of development vs. environment has now been in the limelight. Nowhere is the clash more visible than in China, where the world's largest population faces pollution, deforestation and acid rain on a large scale.
13 In recent / the past 5 years, many cities/ nations/ people have been faced /plagued /troubled with / experienced/ witnessed /undergone the / a(n) serious problem of / acute shortage of / alarming increase in ...
13.1 In recent years many factories of our country have been faced with the problem of how to make their workers more productive. Seeing many idle workers smoking, chatting, or playing cards during the working hours, some experts claim that the solution is to increase economic reward. Other people feel that "the iron rice bowl" should be roughly smashed. But does mere money lead to greater productivity?
13.2 In recent years, China has experienced an alarming increase in juvenile crime ------ that is, crime committed by individuals who haven't come of age. Whether the category is murder or robbery, mugging or rape, the story is the same: juvenile crime is on the rise. Our society has traditionally treated the juvenile as a special kind of offender, one who warrants punishment different from that given to an adult, even though the crime may be the same. Now it is time we asked ourselves: Does the treatment work?
14 One of the searching/ burning / pressing / interesting questions / problems facing / confronting our nation / society / world / today is ...
14.1 One of the basic questions facing our society today is: What promise or threat does new technology hold for our global future? Since the decisions our society makes about technological development will undoubtedly have tremendous consequences in the years to come, it is urgently necessary to explore this question, especially by examining science and technology in their relationship to the development of humanity.
14.2 It has become apparent to us that one of the biggest problems confronting our Chinese education today is the increasing vocationalization of our colleges and universities. Throughout the country schools are under economic pressure to become job-training centers and employment agencies. All courses are geared to cater to the business needs.
15 One of the biggest issues / hottest topics / most popular things / most serious problems many people talk / complain / about now is...
15.1 One of the most popular topics many city residents talk about now is the tide of the rural poor flooding the cities. They complain that the migrants have brought crime and prostitution, that they are putting pressure on population control and social order; that they are threatening to take already scarce city jobs and exacerbating housing shortages; and that they have worsened traffic and sanitation problems. True, these are the problems posed by the migration, but what about the contribution the rural worker have made to the city's development and prosperity?
15.2 One of the best qualities that most people admire in others is the willingness to admit one's mistakes. It is extremely hard sometimes to say a simple thing like "I was wrong about that", and it is even harder to say, "I was wrong, and you were right about that".
16 Now / Perhaps most dangerous / undesirable / harmful for our nation / society / world / college is the trend / tendency / phenomenon of...which is apparent / obvious / evident /pervasive / rampant under way in...
16.1 Perhaps most dangerous for our nation now is the official corruption which is rampant in nearly every field of our society. Once our officials were content with television sets or imported cigarettes as payment for official services, they now demand land rights, stock certificates, and even directly dollars.