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  • 编辑:  朱晓玲   稿源: 国际在线    2005-03-11 09:13:01
    作文写作之观点法一

      文章开头句型:I 对立法 II 现象法 III 观点法 IV 引用法 V 比较法 VI 故事法 VII 问题法

      观点法

      文章开门见山,直截了当提出作者对文章要讨论的问题的观点,也即文章的中心思想。以下就是常用的句型。

      25 Nothing / Few things /No idea / opinion belief / view / attitude is /are more / as foolish /dangerous /untrue /undesirable /  basic /important /essential  than / as ... (which is widely /commonly /generally held by...).

      25.1 Nothing, we have been told these years, is more educative than participating in or listening to an exchange of opinion. The seminar, the conference, the lecture, the panel discussion on the radio ------ how fine, how liberating, how instructive they are to us all, to the participants and to those at their receiving sets. They can not only acquaint one with many facts, but help deepen one's understanding of social phenomena and relationships, and broaden one's outlook.

      这些年来我们都感到没有什么比参加一个讨论或听听别人的思想交流更有教育意义的了。大型讨论会,大型会议讲座以及电台直播室的讨论对我们所有人,对参加者或是听众都是那么美妙,那么有意义,有启迪作用。这些讨论不仅使我们了解了许多事实, 而且有助于加深对各种社会现象和关系的理解,开阔眼界。

      25.2 Few things seem to stir up more fear among today's young people than the prospect of a military draft. Feelings of patriotism are articulated much more freely now, but there seems little enthusiasm for military conscription, and no one wants to spend several years in the armed forces engaged in activities which have nothing to do with their future work.

      似乎没有什么比要服兵役更使青年人担心了。现在到处洋溢着爱国主义的情感,但对服兵役却没什么热情,没有人想在部队里待几年,去从事与他未来的工作没什么关系的活动。

      25.3 Perhaps no issue in this world is as basic to individual and national survival as food. But China in recent years has experienced a serious waste of food in one way or another. Especially in many big cities, this waste has become habitual and traditional, to the extent that people are seldom aware of it in their daily life.

      可能在这个世界上没有什么问题比粮食对一个人乃至整个国家的生存更为重要的了。但在中国,近年来各种各样严重浪费粮食的现象比比皆是。尤其在许多大城市里,这种浪费已成为习惯性和传统性了,以致人们在日常生活中已习以为常了。

      26 Never /Nowhere in history /the world /China has the issue /change /idea of .... been more /as visible /evident /popular than ... /as ...

      26.1 Nowhere in the world has the issue of birth control been more evident than in China. The nation is faced with such serious situation as the one in which its population is increasing much faster than the supply of food and available resources.

      世界上没有一个地方比中国的计划生育问题更突出的了。这个国家正面临着十分严峻的形势,其人口增长的速度正大大超过粮食供应的速度和自然资源供应的速度。

      26.2 Nowhere has the great principle of equality been so thoroughly put in practice as in China, and nowhere have such persistent efforts been made to improve the legal status of women. In spite of this, however, women in many places are still denied the right to compete with men for jobs on equal terms and the right to equal opportunities for promotion.

      世界上没有一个地方比中国把平等这个伟大的原则更彻底地贯彻到实践中去,没有像中国作出如此坚持不懈的努力来提高妇女的法律地位。尽管如此,在许多地方中国的妇女还是没有权利和男子在同等条件下竞争工作,没有平等的机会得到晋升。

      26.3 Never in the nation's history have the stakes involving our education been higher than rim. From energy crises to air pollution, and from the improvement of the standard of living to space exploration, the approaching world of the 21st century bristles with challenges whose resolution, for better or worse, will depend largely on the quality of education.

      在这个国家的历史上教育从来没有像现在这样对我们如此利害攸关。从能源危机到环境污染,从生活水平的提高到空间探索,即将到来的21世纪充满了种种挑战。要战胜那些挑战,不论怎么样,在很大程度上取决于教育的质量。

      27 It is about/ high time we exploded /shattered /freed ourselves from the myth /illusion /fiction about ...

      27.1 It's about time somebody exploded that old myth about childhood being the happiest of your life. Childhood may certainly be fairly happy, free from financial worries and the anxiety about social ladders. But have you heard our children today groaning under the ever-increasing burden of studies? Have you seen them stay up almost every night simply to finish a day's homework?

      现在应该是揭穿长期来认为童年是人的一生中最幸福的时代这个古老神话的时候了。童年固然很幸福,孩子们没有经济上的忧愁,也没有争名夺利的焦虑。但是人们是否听到现在的孩子在日益沉重的学习负担下发出的呻吟声?人们是否看到孩子们为了完成一天的功课,几乎天天熬夜?

      28 Perhaps /Maybe we should /it is time to rethink /reexamine /have a fresh look at the idea /values /attitude /wisdom / desirability that ...

      28.1 Perhaps we should rethink an idea fast becoming an undisputed premise of our life that a college degree is necessary ------ and perhaps even a sufficient ------ precondition for success. I do not wish to quarrel with the assumptions made about the benefits of orthodox education. I want only to expose its false god; the four-year, all-purpose, degree-granting college, aimed at the so-called college-age population and by now almost universally accepted as the stepping-stone to "meaningful" and "better"   jobs.

      可能我们应当重新考虑一下这个很快成为我们生活毋庸置疑的前提:对成功来说,大学文凭是必要的,或许是先决的条件。我不想反对正统的大学教育带来种种好处的观点。我只想揭示把大学文凭捧上天的虚假性:对象是所谓读大学的适龄青年,目的是培养各种人材的颁发学位的四年制大学现已差不多被公认为是找到"有意义的”、“好的”工作的跳板。

      28.2 Maybe it is time to reexamine our present valuess of life and try to figure out why life today becomes so difficult, and what can be done about it. Not only are things often not what they seem, they may be just the opposite of what they seen. People are discontented these days, for example, not because things are worse than ever, but because things are better than   ever. Everything is paradoxical.

      也许现在该是重新检查一下我们现在生活流行的价值观,弄清楚今天的生活为何变得如此艰难,以及该用什么办法加以解决的时候了。现在的事情常常不仅不是它们看上去的那样,事情可能正好与看上去的相反。譬如说,如今人们的不满往往不是因为情况比以往任何时候都糟,而是因为情况从未这么好过。一切事情都变得似是而非了。

    来源:万千英语族

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